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Digits and Numbers | AIME I, 2012 | Question 10

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 2012 based on Digits and Numbers.

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 2012 based on digits and numbers.

Digits and numbers – AIME I, 2012


Let S be set of all perfect squares whose rightmost three digits in base 10 are 256. T be set of numbers of form \(\frac{x-256}{1000}\) where x is in S, find remainder when 10th smallest element of T is divided by 1000.

  • is 107
  • is 170
  • is 840
  • cannot be determined from the given information

Key Concepts


Digits

Algebra

Numbers

Check the Answer


Answer: is 170.

AIME I, 2012, Question 10

Elementary Number Theory by David Burton

Try with Hints


x belongs to S so perfect square, Let x=\(y^{2}\), here \(y^{2}\)=1000a+256 \(y^{2}\) element in S then RHS being even y=2\(y_1\) then \(y_1^{2}=250a+64\) again RHS being even \(y_1=2y_2\) then \(y_2^{2}\)=125\(\frac{a}{2}\)+16 then both sides being integer a=2\(a_1\) then \(y_2^{2}=125a_1+16\)

\(y_2^{2}-16=125a_1\) then \((y_2-4)(y_2+4)=125a_1\)

or, one of \((y_2+4)\) and \((y_2-4)\) contains a non negative multiple of 125 then listing smallest possible values of \(y_2\)

or, \(y_2+4=125\) gives \(y_2=121\) or, \(y_2-4=125\) gives \(y_2=129\) and so on

or, \(y_2=4,121,129,upto ,621\) tenth term 621

\(y=4y_2\)=2484 then \(\frac{2483^{2}-256}{1000}\)=170.

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