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Reflection Problem | AIME I, 1988 | Question 14

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 1988, Question 14, based on Reflection.

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 1988, Question 14, based on Reflection.

Reflection Problem – AIME I, 1988


Let C be the graph of xy=1 and denote by C’ the reflection of C in the line y=2x. let the equation of C’ be written in the form \(12x^{2}+bxy +cy^{2}+d=0\), find the product bc.

  • is 107
  • is 84
  • is 840
  • cannot be determined from the given information

Key Concepts


Geometry

Equation

Algebra

Check the Answer


Answer: is 84.

AIME I, 1988, Question 14

Coordinate Geometry by Loney

Try with Hints


Let P(x,y) on C such that P'(x’,y’) on C’ where both points lie on the line perpendicular to y=2x

slope of PP’=\(\frac{-1}{2}\), then \(\frac{y’-y}{x’-x}\)=\(\frac{-1}{2}\)

or, x’+2y’=x+2y

also midpoint of PP’, \((\frac{x+x’}{2},\frac{y+y’}{2})\) lies on y=2x

or, \(\frac{y+y’}{2}=x+x’\)

or, 2x’-y’=y-2x

solving these two equations, x=\(\frac{-3x’+4y’}{5}\) and \(y=\frac{4x’+3y’}{5}\)

putting these points into the equation C \(\frac{(-3x’+4y’)(4x’+3y’)}{25}\)=1

which when expanded becomes

\(12x’^{2}-7x’y’-12y’^{2}+25=0\)

or, bc=(-7)(-12)=84.

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