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Regular polygon | Combinatorics | PRMO-2019 | Problem 15

Try this beautiful problem from combinatorics based on Regular Polygon from PRMO 2019. You may use sequential hints to solve the problem.

Try this beautiful problem from combinatorics PRMO 2019 based on Regular polygon

Regular polygon| PRMO | Problem 15


In how many ways can a pair of parallel diagonals of a regular polygon of \(10\) sides be selected

  • $24$
  • $45$
  • $34$

Key Concepts


Combinatorics

Regular polygon

geometry

Check the Answer


Answer:\(45\)

PRMO-2019, Problem 15

Pre College Mathematics

Try with Hints


regular polygon

The above diagram is a diagram of Regular Polygon .we have to draw the diagonals as shown in above.we joined the diagonals such that all the diagonals will be parallel

Can you now finish the problem ……….

Polygon 2
Fig.2
Polygon 1
Fig. 1

If we joined the diagonals (shown in Fig. 1), i.e \((P_3 \to P_10)\),\((P_4\to P_9)\),\((P_5 \to P_8)\) then then we have 3 diagonals.so we have 5\(4 \choose 2\) ways=\(15\) ways.

If we joined the diagonals (shown in Fig.2), i.e \((P_1 \to P_3)\),\((P_10\to P_4)\),\((P_9\to P_5)\),\((P_8\to P_6)\)then we have \(4\)diagonals.so we have 5\(3 \choose 2\) ways=\(30\) ways.

Therefore total numbers of ways that can a pair of parallel diagonals of a regular polygon of \(10\) sides be selected is \(15+30=45\)

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