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AMC 8 USA Math Olympiad

Representation of numbers in base 10 AMC 8 2013 , problem number 13

Try this beautiful problem from AMC 8. It involves representation of numbers in base 10. We provide sequential hints so that you can try the problem.

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What are we learning ?

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.1″ text_font=”Raleway||||||||” text_font_size=”20px” text_letter_spacing=”1px” text_line_height=”1.5em” background_color=”#f4f4f4″ custom_margin=”10px||10px” custom_padding=”10px|20px|10px|20px” hover_enabled=”0″ box_shadow_style=”preset2″]Competency in Focus: Representation of numbers in base 10 This problem from American Mathematics contest (AMC 8, 2013) is a digit problem . [/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.27.4″ text_font=”Raleway|300|||||||” text_text_color=”#ffffff” header_font=”Raleway|300|||||||” header_text_color=”#e2e2e2″ background_color=”#0c71c3″ custom_padding=”20px|20px|20px|20px” border_radii=”on|5px|5px|5px|5px” box_shadow_style=”preset3″]

First look at the knowledge graph.

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_image src=”https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/AMC-8-2013-problem-13-1.png” align=”center” _builder_version=”4.1″ hover_enabled=”0″][/et_pb_image][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.27.4″ text_font=”Raleway|300|||||||” text_text_color=”#ffffff” header_font=”Raleway|300|||||||” header_text_color=”#e2e2e2″ background_color=”#0c71c3″ custom_padding=”20px|20px|20px|20px” border_radii=”on|5px|5px|5px|5px” box_shadow_style=”preset3″]

Next understand the problem

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version=”4.1″ text_font=”Raleway||||||||” text_font_size=”20px” text_letter_spacing=”1px” text_line_height=”1.5em” background_color=”#f4f4f4″ custom_margin=”10px||10px” custom_padding=”10px|20px|10px|20px” hover_enabled=”0″ box_shadow_style=”preset2″]When Clara totaled her scores, she inadvertently reversed the units digit and the tens digit of one score. By which of the following might her incorrect sum have differed from the correct one? [/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version=”4.0″][et_pb_column type=”4_4″ _builder_version=”3.25″ custom_padding=”|||” custom_padding__hover=”|||”][et_pb_accordion open_toggle_text_color=”#0c71c3″ _builder_version=”4.1″ toggle_font=”||||||||” body_font=”Raleway||||||||” text_orientation=”center” custom_margin=”10px||10px” hover_enabled=”0″][et_pb_accordion_item title=”Source of the problem” open=”off” _builder_version=”4.1″ hover_enabled=”0″]American Mathematical Contest 2013, AMC 8 Problem 13 [/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title=”Key Competency” _builder_version=”4.1″ hover_enabled=”0″ open=”on”]Representation of numbers in base 10 [/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title=”Difficulty Level” _builder_version=”4.1″ hover_enabled=”0″ open=”off”]4/10[/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title=”Suggested Book” _builder_version=”4.0.9″ open=”off”]Challenges and Thrills in Pre College Mathematics Excursion Of Mathematics 

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Start with hints

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_tabs _builder_version=”4.1″ hover_enabled=”0″][et_pb_tab title=”Hint 0″ _builder_version=”4.0.9″]Do you really need a hint ? Try it first![/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title=”Hint 1″ _builder_version=”4.1″ hover_enabled=”0″]Let the two digits be $a$ and $b$ that is total score of Clara is ab . [/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title=”Hint 2″ _builder_version=”4.1″ hover_enabled=”0″]Now we know that any number in base 10 can be represented as ab=10 a+ b.  Given, when Clara totaled her scores, she inadvertently reversed the units digit and the tens digit of one score. So, Clara misinterpreted ab as ba . Again , ba= 10b+a . [/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title=”Hint 3″ _builder_version=”4.1″ hover_enabled=”0″]The difference between the two is $|9a-9b|$ which factors into $|9(a-b)|$. So, what can we say from here? [/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title=”Hint 4″ _builder_version=”4.1″ hover_enabled=”0″]Therefore, since the difference is a multiple of 9, the only answer choice that is a multiple of 9 that is 45. [/et_pb_tab][/et_pb_tabs][et_pb_text _builder_version=”3.27.4″ text_font=”Raleway|300|||||||” text_text_color=”#ffffff” header_font=”Raleway|300|||||||” header_text_color=”#e2e2e2″ background_color=”#0c71c3″ min_height=”12px” custom_margin=”50px||50px” custom_padding=”20px|20px|20px|20px” border_radii=”on|5px|5px|5px|5px” box_shadow_style=”preset3″]

Connected Program at Cheenta

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Similar Problems

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