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## Amplitude and Complex numbers | AIME I, 1996 Question 11

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 1996 based on Amplitude and Complex numbers.

## Amplitude and Complex numbers – AIME 1996

Let P be the product of the roots of $z^{6}+z^{4}+z^{2}+1=0$ that have a positive imaginary part and suppose that P=r(costheta+isintheta) where $0 \lt r$ and $0 \leq \theta \lt 360$ find $\theta$

• is 107
• is 276
• is 840
• cannot be determined from the given information

Equations

Complex Numbers

Integers

## Check the Answer

AIME, 1996, Question 11

Complex Numbers from A to Z by Titu Andreescue

## Try with Hints

here$z^{6}+z^{4}+z^{2}+1$=$z^{6}-z+z^{4}+z^{2}+z+1$=$z(z^{5}-1)+\frac{(z^{5}-1)}{(z-1)}$=$\frac{(z^{5}-1)(z^{2}-z+1)}{(z-1)}$ then $\frac{(z^{5}-1)(z^{2}-z+1)}{(z-1)}$=0

gives $z^{5}=1 for z\neq 1$ gives $z=cis 72,144,216,288$ and $z^{2}-z+1=0 for z \neq 1$ gives z=$\frac{1+-(-3)^\frac{1}{2}}{2}$=$cis60,300$ where cis$\theta$=cos$\theta$+isin$\theta$

taking $0 \lt theta \lt 180$ for positive imaginary roots gives cis72,60,144 and then P=cis(72+60+144)=cis276 that is theta=276.

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## Complex numbers and Sets | AIME I, 1990 | Question 10

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 1990 based on Complex Numbers and Sets.

## Complex Numbers and Sets – AIME I, 1990

The sets A={z:$z^{18}=1$} and B={w:$w^{48}=1$} are both sets of complex roots with unity, the set C={zw: $z \in A and w \in B$} is also a set of complex roots of unity. How many distinct elements are in C?.

• is 107
• is 144
• is 840
• cannot be determined from the given information

Integers

Complex Numbers

Sets

## Check the Answer

AIME I, 1990, Question 10

Complex Numbers from A to Z by Titu Andreescue

## Try with Hints

18th and 48th roots of 1 found by de Moivre’s Theorem

=$cis(\frac{2k_1\pi}{18})$ and $cis(\frac{2k_2\pi}{48})$

where $k_1$, $K_2$ are integers from 0 to 17 and 0 to 47 and $cis \theta = cos \theta +i sin \theta$

zw= $cis(\frac{k_1\pi}{9}+\frac{k_2\pi}{24})=cis(\frac{8k_1\pi+3k_2\pi}{72})$

and since the trigonometric functions are periodic every period ${2\pi}$

or, at (72)(2)=144 distinct elements in C.

Categories

## Function of Complex numbers | AIME I, 1999 | Question 9

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 1999 based on Function of Complex Numbers and Integers.

## Function of Complex Numbers – AIME I, 1999

Let f(z) =(a+bi)z where a,b are positive numbers. This function has the property that the image of each point in the complex plane is equidistant from that point and the origin given that |a+bi|=8 and that $b^{2}$=$\frac{m}{n}$ where m and n are relatively prime positive integers, find m+n.

• is 107
• is 259
• is 840
• cannot be determined from the given information

Functions

Integers

Complex Numbers

## Check the Answer

AIME I, 1999, Question 9

Complex Numbers from A to Z by Titu Andreescue

## Try with Hints

Let z=1+i f(1+i)=(a+bi)(1+i)=(a-b)+(a+b)i The image point must be equidistant from (1,1) and(0,0) then the image point lie on the line with slope -1 and which passes through $(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2})$ that is x+y=1

putting x=(a-b) and y=(a+b) gives 2a=1 and $a=\frac{1}{2}$

and $(\frac{1}{2})^{2} +b^{2}=8^{2}$ then $b^{2}=\frac{255}{4}$ then 255+4=259.

Categories

## Equations and Complex numbers | AIME I, 2019 Question 10

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 2019 based on Equations and Complex numbers.

## Equations and Complex numbers – AIME 2019

For distinct complex numbers $z_1,z_2,……,z_{673}$ the polynomial $(x-z_1)^{3}(x-z_2)^{3}…..(x-z_{673})^{3}$ can be expressed as $x^{2019}+20x^{2018}+19x^{2017}+g(x)$, where g(x) is a polynomial with complex coefficients and with degree at most 2016. The value of $|\displaystyle\sum_{1 \leq j\leq k \leq 673}(z_j)(z_k)|$ can be expressed in the form $\frac{m}{n}$, where m and n are relatively prime positive integers, find m+n

• is 107
• is 352
• is 840
• cannot be determined from the given information

Equations

Complex Numbers

Integers

## Check the Answer

AIME, 2019, Question 10

Complex Numbers from A to Z by Titu Andreescue

## Try with Hints

here $|\displaystyle\sum_{1 \leq j\leq k \leq 673}(z_j)(z_k)|$=s=$(z_1z_2+z_1z_3+….z_1z_{673})+(z_2z_3+z_2z_4+…+z_2z_{673})$

$+…..+(z_{672}z_{673})$ here

P=$(x-z_1)(x-z_1)(x-z_1)(x-z_2)(x-z_2)(x-z_2)…(x-z_{673})(x-z_{673})(x-z_{673})$

with Vieta’s formula,$z_1+z_1+z_1+z_2+z_2+z_2+…..+z_{673}+z_{673}+z_{673}$=-20 then $z_1+z_2+…..+z_{673}=\frac{-20}{3}$ the first equation and ${z_1}^{2}+{z_1}^{2}+{z_1}^{2}+{z_1z_2}+{z_1z_2}+{z_1z_2}+…..$=$3({z_1}^{2}+{z_2}^{2}+…..+{z_{673}}^{2})$+$9({z_1z_2}+{z_1z_3}+….+{z_{672}z_{673}})$=$3({z_1}^{2}+{z_2}^{2}+…..+{z_{673}}^{2})$+9s which is second equation

here $(z_1+z_2+…..+z_{673})^{2}=\frac{400}{9}$ from second equation then $({z_1}^{2}+{z_2}^{2}+…..+{z_{673}}^{2})+2({z_1z_2}+{z_1z_3}+….+{z_{672}z_{673}})=\frac{400}{9}$ then $({z_1}^{2}+{z_2}^{2}+…..+{z_{673}}^{2})+2s=\frac{400}{9}$ then $({z_1}^{2}+{z_2}^{2}+…..+{z_{673}}^{2})=\frac{400}{9}$-2s then with second equation and with vieta s formula $3(\frac{400}{9}-2s)+9s$=19 then s=$\frac{-343}{9}$ then |s|=$\frac{343}{9}$ where 343 and 9 are relatively prime then 343+9=352.

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Categories

## Complex Numbers and prime | AIME I, 2012 | Question 6

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 2012 based on Complex Numbers and prime.

## Complex Numbers and primes – AIME 2012

The complex numbers z and w satisfy $z^{13} = w$ $w^{11} = z$ and the imaginary part of z is $\sin{\frac{m\pi}{n}}$, for relatively prime positive integers m and n with m<n. Find n.

• is 107
• is 71
• is 840
• cannot be determined from the given information

Complex Numbers

Algebra

Number Theory

## Check the Answer

AIME I, 2012, Question 6

Complex Numbers from A to Z by Titu Andreescue

## Try with Hints

Taking both given equations $(z^{13})^{11} = z$ gives $z^{143} = z$ Then $z^{142} = 1$

Then by De Moivre’s theorem, imaginary part of z will be of the form $\sin{\frac{2k\pi}{142}} = \sin{\frac{k\pi}{71}}$ where $k \in {1, 2, upto 70}$

71 is prime and n = 71.

Categories

## Complex Numbers and Triangles | AIME I, 2012 | Question 14

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 2012 based on complex numbers and triangles.

## Complex numbers and triangles – AIME I, 2012

Complex numbers a,b and c are zeros of a polynomial P(z)=$z^{3}+qz+r$ and $|a|^{2}+|b|^{2}+|c|^{2}$=250, The points corresponding to a,b,.c in a complex plane are the vertices of right triangle with hypotenuse h, find $h^{2}$.

• is 107
• is 375
• is 840
• cannot be determined from the given information

Complex Numbers

Algebra

Triangles

## Check the Answer

AIME I, 2012, Question 14

Complex Numbers from A to Z by Titu Andreescue

## Try with Hints

here q ,r real a real b,c complex and conjugate pair x+iy,x-iy then a+b+c=0 gives a=-2x and by given condition a-x=y then y=-3x

$|a|^{2}+|b|^{2}+|c|^{2}$=250 then 24$x^{2}$=250

h distance between b and c h=2y=-6x then $h^{2}=36x^{2}$=36$\frac{250}{24}$=375.

Categories

## Complex Numbers | AIME I, 2009 | Problem 2

Try this beautiful problem from AIME, 2009 based on complex numbers.

## Complex Numbers – AIME, 2009

There is a complex number z with imaginary part 164 and a positive integer n such that $\frac{z}{z+n}=4i$, Find n.

• 101
• 201
• 301
• 697

### Key Concepts

Complex Numbers

Theory of equations

Polynomials

## Check the Answer

AIME, 2009, Problem 2

Complex Numbers from A to Z by Titu Andreescue .

## Try with Hints

Taking z=a+bi

then a+bi=(z+n)4i=-4b+4i(a+n),gives a=-4b b=4(a+n)=4(n-4b)

then n=$\frac{b}{4}+4b=\frac{164}{4}+4.164=697$