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AMC 12 USA Math Olympiad

Triangle Inequality Problem – AMC 12B, 2014 – Problem 13

The simplest example of power mean inequality is the arithmetic mean – geometric mean inequality. Learn in this self-learning module for math olympiad

Try this beautiful problem from AMC 12 based on Triangle inequality problem.

Problem – Triangle Inequality


Real numbers a and b are chosen with 1 < a < b such that no triangle with positive area has side lengths 1,a and b or \(\frac {1}{b},\frac {1}{a}\) and 1. What is the smallest possible value of b?

  • \(\frac {3+\sqrt 3}{2}\)
  • \(\frac {5}{2}\)
  • \(\frac {3+\sqrt 5}{2}\)
  • \(\frac {3+\sqrt 6}{2}\)

Key Concepts


Triangle Inequality

Inequality

Geometry

Check the Answer


Answer: \(\frac {3+\sqrt 5}{2}\)

American Mathematics Competition – 12B ,2014, Problem Number – 13

Secrets in Inequalities.

Try with Hints


Here is the first hint where you can start this sum:

It is given \( 1 >\frac {1}{a} > \frac {1}{b } \) . Use Triangle Inequality here :

a+1>b

a>b-1

\(\frac {1}{a} + \frac {1}{b} >1 \)

If we want to find the lowest possible value of b , we create we try to create two degenerate triangles where the sum of the smallest two sides equals the largest side. Thus we get : a = b – 1

Now try to do the rest of the sum.………………….

We already know \(\frac {1}{a} + \frac {1}{b} = 1\)

After substituting we will get :

\(\frac {1}{b – 1} + \frac {1}{b} = \frac {b+b-1}{b(b-1)} = 1 \)

\(\frac {2b – 1}{b(b-1)} = 1 \)

Now do the rest of the calculation ………………………..

Here is the rest of steps to check your problem :

\( 2b – 1 = b^2 – b \)

Now Solving for b using the quadratic equation, we get

\(b^2 – 3b + 1 = 0 \)

\(b = \frac {3 + \sqrt 5}{2} \) (Answer)

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